Baby alpaca is a 100%-natural luxury fiber that possesses certain features. It is hypoallergenic and very lightweight. It adapts to the body’s temperature and will keep you warm, but yet it is dry-fit and water-repellant. It is a highly resistant yarn that is nearly impossible to burn.
Baby alpaca wool comes from the first shearing of an alpaca. It is the most valuable and appreciated of all alpaca yarn.
Alpaca wool is a light, high-quality and lofty wool that is very soft and beautiful.It has nothing to envy of cashmere, which has been on the decline since the 90’s.
Cashmere is goat wool. It is delicate, soft, very fine, thin and light.It is generally imported from India, China, Pakistan and Mongolia.
The vicuña and the alpaca are two animals in the Camelid family that inhabit the heights of the Andes in Peru, Bolivia and Chile.
They are found at an altitude of more than 4,500 meters above sea level and were domesticated by the Incas, who raised them like livestock. Of the two, the vicuña produces wool with better properties, but it is also a more fragile animal and it is an endangered species, so it is protected. Therefore, both the vicuña and its wool can be utilized on a very small scale.
More alpaca wool is produced and is available and there are currently many varieties, the most important being Suri and Huancaya. Wool of different colors and thicknesses can be obtained.
The most appreciated variety of alpaca wool is known as baby alpaca and it is made from the first shearing of the animal.
This yarn is characterized by being much thinner and finer than the wool made from subsequent shearing. It is important to clarify that no animal is sacrificed to produce this wool. Alpaca wool is appreciated because of its elasticity and resistance. It is also quite light, which makes it easy to carry.It is thermal in nature, meaning it maintains the body’s natural temperature. Another recognized property is its resistance to fire unless it is exposed directly.
Alpaca wool does not gather dust and it repels water.It is hard to dirty as it has a natural fine layer of lanolin that makes it impermeable. The smells of the perfumes and odors of the body do not become impregnated in the garment. All these properties make this yarn highly durable and long-lasting.Its elegance and fineness make any product made from it a true jewel and luxury on the world market.
Gossypium barbadense, also known by the name of its two most famous varieties, Pima cotton and Tangüis cotton, is a perennial tropical plant that blossoms yellow flowers and produces black seeds. It belongs to the extra-long fiber cotton group, the same as the Menufi and Giza 68 from Egypt and Sak from Sudan.
The oldest vestiges of its use are found in the desert in the north of Chile, dated at around the 36th century B.C. and there is evidence of its cultivation since the 25th century B.C. in Huaca Prieta (Department of La Libertad, Peru).
This cotton was woven universally throughout South America and the West Indies, where it was introduced by Christopher Columbus. The cotton was grown on slave plantations in the West Indies. In 1650, Barbados was the first colony to export it. In 1670, G. barbadense was planted in English colonies in North America.
The combination of seeds, land and microclimate have made the Peruvian Pima cotton the finest and longest fiber in the world. When processed correctly, it has a special shine and is unbetterably soft to the touch.
Despite being a long, fine fiber, Pima cotton is also more resistant than virtually all other cottons, so more durable garments can be made. It is 38.10 to 41.27 mm long, has a Pressley resistance of 92.5 to 100; a fineness (Micronaire) of 3.3 to 4.0, and a creamy white color. This cotton is used to sew garments for the big- name brands such as Armani Exchange, Abercrombie, LaCoste and WIZZ.